Monday, July 10, 2017

Notes on migrating / upgrading Samba PDC to AD

Notes on upgrading/migrating a Samba 3 PDC to a Samba 4 AD on a totally separate system.

Scenario (in my case):
  • Running an older Samba 3 release with a tdbsam backend as a PDC, file and print server on an older distro that cannot be (easily, if at all) upgraded.
  • A need to move to Active Directory technology.
  • Will use best practices - keeping the AD server separate from the file and printer server.
  • The new AD will be on a new server with a different hostname and IP address. The old PDC will remain running until the new AD is in place and tested.

Most info for doing this is detailed in the link below:

Some gotchas are detailed in:

Another gotcha that I ran into was that my old PDC was using a local Windows built-in group (Print Operators in this case), and such mapped groups will cause the classicupgrade process to fail.

What isn’t immediately realized (or wasn’t by me) is that if you just take a brand new Samba install on a brand new server and attempt the classicupgrade process as detailed above there will be problems. The reason is that Samba PDC databases do not contain all of the information necessary to do the upgrade. The users, machines, and groups all exist in ‘nix land and are necessary to that environment.

Even though the new AD (again operating as just an AD) itself does not need the ‘nix equivalent users and groups for proper operation, the upgrade process does.

It is necessary to create the same users (including machines) and groups on the new “virgin” box. It is not necessary to match UID’s of the users or machines but the GID’s of the groups must match, and the users need to added to the groups they are members of.

Once the upgrade is complete and the AD is up and running the added ‘nix users and groups can be removed.

Monday, August 3, 2015

Fedora install issue - The system may not be bootable.

If you see this error message when installing Fedora (was version 22 in my case):

There was an error installing the bootloader. The system may not be bootable.

Remind yourself  that the system may be bootable!

The first 5 times I elected to stop the install (why continue if the system wont boot?). But the sixth time around after doing everything I could to verify it should be working I elected to go ahead with the install even though "The system may not be bootable.".

Guess what happened?

It didn't boot.

But the only reason it didn't boot was because the system was set to boot in BIOS mode and not in UEFI mode that I used when booting the install stick. Apparently the installer was unable to change the system's default boot selection. I went into the system setup and changed the default boot device to UEFI mode and the proper drive, booted again, and it all worked perfectly.

Possibly if the default boot setup had previously been set as such I may have never seen that message.

Thursday, June 6, 2013

Fix error 0x000006d1 using level 3 print drivers from Samba to Windows 8

Ran across error 0x000006d1 when attempting to add Samba shared printers to Windows 8 systems. The following fixed the issue for me. This may also help for earlier versions of Windows but I've only run across the problem with some (not all) Windows 8 systems.

Tuesday, September 18, 2012

nVidia with Ubuntu - no X or low graphics mode

After updates and a reboot, Ubuntu 12.04(.1) reports low graphics mode and/or X does not start when using the nVidia driver.

I've seen this problem on two systems recently and it appears to be a timing issue in that the nVidia driver does get loaded but apparently not in time for X to find a valid screen.

Workaround is simple: add nvidia to the file /etc/modules it will then get loaded on boot and X will start normally.

Monday, May 28, 2012

EFI Stub - booting without a bootloader

In this post I'm detailing a quick and easy method to use EFI Stub boot introduced in the Linux kernel version 3.3.0 that provides for a faster boot without the use of a bootloader (such as grub) on a UEFI capable system.

Friday, March 2, 2012

no bootable device - gpt

Some legacy BIOS's may have an issue with a GPT partitioned drive.

Ran across this recently with an Intel D975XBX board. I GPT partitioned a drive with gdisk, installed Ubuntu and when I rebooted after the install completed with surprised to see "No Bootable Device..." displayed.

Thursday, October 27, 2011

CUPS Samba 64bit automatic driver download

The same ease of using Samba hosting for automatic download of the CUPS/Windows Postscript drivers for 32 bit clients can be implemented for 64 bit clients as well.